by Randy Reynolds...

      The 4th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals recently struck down North Carolina’s Voter ID law, saying it targeted African-Americans 'with almost surgical precision’ by passing photo ID voting requirements that minorities were least likely to possess, reducing advanced voting and same-day registration, and reducing polling places in minority neighborhoods.

Voter (Photo) ID is promoted as a way to keep non-citizens from voting but, ironically,  a non-citizen can get a driver’s license simply by proving residence, no citizenship required.

Voter (Photo) ID is supposed to cure the problem of people impersonating someone else at the polls or voting multiple times, but does voter impersonation really exist?  A comprehensive investigation by the Washington Post found 31 credible incidents out of one billion ballots cast (0.000000031) from elections in all states between 2000 and 2012. (The Post speculated that these 31 cases were most likely errors, not cheating.)  The kind of voter fraud that occurs, (registration fraud, missing ballots, ballot box stuffing, miscounts, state actions) have nothing to do with impersonation, which is the only thing addressed by Voter (Photo) ID. 

It’s not much of a stretch to think Voter ID laws (written from templates supplied to Republican states by ALEC) are about suppressing Democratic votes:

Pennsylvania House Majority Leader Mike Turzai bragged in 2012, Voter ID “…is gonna allow Governor Romney to win the state of Pennsylvania, done.” 

U.S. District Judge Nelva Ramos said that Texas’ Voter (Photo) ID law forcing registered voters to track down and pay for qualifying documents is no different than “an unconstitutional poll tax.”

......Judge Ramos also said, “(
Texas) Republican lawmakers knew the law would drive down turnout among minority voters, who lean Democratic, and they passed it at least in part for that reason.”  (NYT, 10/12/14)  

U.S. District Judge Richard Posner (a Reagan appointee) said about Wisconsin’s Voter (Photo) ID law: 

—"Some of the 'evidence' of voter-impersonation fraud is downright goofy, if not paranoid, such as the nonexistent buses that according to the 'True the Vote' movement transport foreigners and reservation Indians to polling places." 

—"As there is no evidence that voter-impersonation fraud is a problem, how can the fact that a legislature says it's a problem turn it into one? If the Wisconsin legislature says witches are a problem, shall Wisconsin courts be permitted to conduct witch trials?"

—"There is only one motivation for imposing burdens on voting that are ostensibly designed to discourage voter-impersonation fraud, if there is no actual danger of such fraud, and that is to discourage voting by persons likely to vote against the party responsible for imposing the burdens."

—"The authors’ overall assessment is that 'voter ID laws don’t disenfranchise minorities or reduce minority voting, and in many instances enhance it' . In other words, the authors believe that the net effect of these laws is to increase minority voting. Yet if that is true, the opposition to these laws by liberal groups is senseless. If photo ID laws increase minority voting, liberals should rejoice in the laws and conservatives deplore them. Yet it is conservatives who support them and liberals who oppose them. Unless conservatives and liberals are masochists, promoting laws that hurt them, these laws must suppress minority voting and the question then becomes whether there are offsetting social benefits—the evidence is that there are not." 

Burdens imposed by other states include, but are certainly not limited to, the following:

Florida, Arizona, Ohio, Wisconsin, and Georgia have, in recent elections, removed polling places from some urban and college neighborhoods that have a history of voting Democratic, causing wait times of up to 12 hours to vote. At the same time, they’ve added polling places in the identifiably Republican suburbs to eliminate waiting time.

    They’ve also placed fewer voting machines and fewer poll workers in some precincts to exacerbate the wait times, making voting all but impossible for people with jobs across town or in a nearby city—and with only a one hour lunch break—to vote on election day (unless they
want to stand in a four, eight, or twelve-hour line after they get off work.)

 makes this strategy even more onerous by closing some thoroughfares around the polling place in order to “prevent voter fraud.” On the orders of Gov. Jeb Bush in 2000 and Gov. Rick Scott in 2012 and 2014, State Troopers manned road blocks near certain polling places and searched cars at great length, adding to delays for (and possible intimidation of) people en route to vote.

    Republican sheriffs and police chiefs in 
TexasOregon and elsewhere, have been caught sending uniformed deputies at night to call on African-American voters who are already registered. The armed deputies ask for ID and warn these voters of possible legal consequences if they try to vote at the wrong precinct.

    Glossy, expensive junk mail as well as imitation official mail that looks like it came from the registrar frequently give African-American and Hispanic neighborhoods false locations for voting precincts and misinformation on voting hours, registration, and absentee voting periods.

Texas and Tennessee, student ID is not valid for voter identification, but concealed carry permits are.  

A Driver’s License will suffice for photo ID in all Republican states and who doesn’t have a driver’s license?  Answer: 25% of African-Americans, 16% of Latinos, and 8% of whites. Many of these are between 18 and 24. 18% are seniors.

Many married women get turned away for having a maiden name on their driver’s license and a married name on their voter registration; many use a middle name or initial on one and maiden name or initial on the other and are thus disqualified by poll workers.

   There’s a similar catch for men: If John Edgar Wells is on the voter roll and John E. Wells is on the driver’s license, John doesn’t get to vote.  It has to match up exactly.  (There is no data on whether this is enforced equally in white and black precincts.)

    Additional obstructions that happened after photo ID laws for voting were passed:

 shut down the DMV offices in all counties of the black belt!   After a public 
outcry, the governor recently reopened some DMV’s one day per month.

...... Wisconsin shut down DMV’s in Democratic counties and extended DMV hours in white suburban counties; uniquely effective since an estimated 50% of African-Americans and Hispanics in Wisconsin don’t have driver’s licenses.

     Texas has no driver’s license office in 85 counties.

......In some states two pieces of official mail like electric bill or bank statement are required to partially identify you as a resident eligible to vote —which leaves out all adults in the household except for the one who gets the bills.

      Texas and South Carolina will accept passports as one of the two required forms of voter ID., the cost of which can be from $55-$135, plus the price of obtaining the base documents (verified birth certificates, photo etc.)

GeorgiaTexas, and others will accept a bank statement as one of your ID’s because who doesn’t  have a bank account?  (Answer: 20% of blacks; 3% of whites.)

    Pennsylvania passed strict voter ID laws but promised to provide free state-issued ID’s for people who didn’t have driver’s licenses, but they did not do so.

     Early voting was drastically reduced in all Republican-led states with high African-American populations. 
Florida eliminated Sunday voting prior to Election Day. Sunday voting, often by the busload, straight from church, had been an African-American tradition.

     States with two or more weeks of absentee voting cut it back to one.

In 13 states NO early voting is allowed—you have to get off work and vote on Tuesday, which is tough to do when the wait in line has been artificially stretched to several hours.

......In 20 states, ABSENTEE voting is only available if a voter swears to having certain excuses (expecting to be out of town or hospitalized on voting day, for example.) 

Arizona and other states have been known to send “do not forward” address verification letters to certain precincts and any letter that comes back results in the voter being removed from the list.  (Poor people move most often; forwarded mail would reach them, but the “do not forward” mail, of course, does not.) This scam is not a new one: it was first instituted in 1962 by William Rehnquist, who would go on to become Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

     Purging voter roles by searching for duplicate names is a service provided by private companies such as ChoicePoint, which was hired by Texas and Florida in 2000 (as well as other states and the federal government since.) The way it works: If there’s more than one John Brown, Robert Smith, or Leroy Johnson in a state, they are presented to the secretary of state on a list of sometimes hundreds of thousands of names.  The secretary or registrar, at their own discretion, can remove all these people from the voter rolls, or only those in low-income zip codes, or just those in Democratic-leaning counties.

Florida, in 2012, 180,000 people were removed from the voter roles.  An investigation showed that only 85 were properly removed; all the others were mistakes, but those “others”, 180,000 of them, didn’t get to vote.

     In Florida, the fever swamp of voter suppression, their secretary of state failed to add 36,000 newly-registered voters to the rolls in 2000 so those 36,000 didn’t get to vote in the Bush vs. Gore election.

     Before the 2000 election, Florida also scrubbed 57,700 alleged felons from their voter lists.  A lawsuit won by the NAACP revealed that NONE of these people were felons—they were guilty only of misdemeanors. And none of them were Floridians—they were all Texans.  But those 57,700 Floridians with similar names were prevented from voting in the Bush vs. Gore election.  (The NAACP won a $75,000 judgment in the case.)

Florida got the Texas list from DataBase Technologies, (a subsidiary of ChoicePoint), which got the names from the state of Texas.

   By the most remarkable of coincidences, the Governors of Florida and Texas, the states responsible for generating and implementing this Florida voter purge by using names from Texas, were Jeb Bush and George Bush.

     George Bush won Florida by 567 votes.

     I’m just sayin’.


“…in the states where they do have voter ID laws you’ve seen, actually, elections begin to change towards more conservative candidates.” ~Jim DeMint, Heritage Foundation

"I think Hillary Clinton is about the weakest candidate the Democrats have ever put up. And now we have photo ID, and I think photo ID is going to make a little bit of a difference as well."  ~Rep. Glenn Grothman, Republican from Wisconsin

“The reduction in the number of days allowed for early voting is particularly important because early voting plays a major role in Obama’s ground game. The Democrats carried most states that allow many days of early voting…” ~ Phyllis Schlafly

“Early voting violates the spirit of the Constitution and facilitates illegal votes that cancel out the votes of honest Americans.” ~ Phyllis Schlafly

“Eight out of the 16 states that have held primaries or caucuses so far have implemented new voter ID or other restrictive voting laws since 2010. Democratic turnout has dropped 37 percent overall in those eight states, but just 13 percent in the states that didn’t enact new voter restrictions. To put it another way, Democratic voter turnout was 285 percent worse in states with new voter ID laws.” ~Jane Valencia, Huffington Post

“Studies have shown that restrictions like voter-ID laws can reduce voter turnout by 2 to 3 percent, with the largest drop-off among young, first-time and African-American voters.” ~Ari Berman

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By Randy Reynolds

I grabbed an energy drink from the cooler and got in line behind a man holding a fifty pound sack of Ol’ Roy on his shoulder.

He turned toward me and said, “This may take a while. She’s got two baskets piled high and you and me are paying for it.”  With a nod of his head he indicated the large woman in front of him wearing tight workout pants, baggy sweatshirt, and bedroom slippers.  She had two buggies piled high with groceries.

“I bet you anything she’ll try to pay with food stamps,” he said.  “People like that get my goat.”

He looked at me intently, as if expecting an answer, but I don’t talk food stamps with white guys in line at a Walmart in the South. Like the coward that I was, I shrugged and said, “I know what you mean.”

Not even trying to keep his voice down, he said, “Laying around in bed all day, too lazy to work, sponging off the government, living large on my tax money.”

The old woman, still unloading her second buggy, looked up and said, “They’re not called food stamps anymore. It’s SNAP—the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.”

“Well, it’s food stamps to me,” said the man with the dog food. “And you’re paying for it with my tax money.”

I wanted to look away, but the rheumy eyes of the old woman held my attention.

“It’s not your business, sir, but just so you know, we’re not getting rich on food stamps.  I have eight kids and two adults besides me under my roof and we get four dollars a day per person.  That’s a dollar thirty-three per meal per person.”   She pointed to his bag of dog food.  “You can’t hardly even feed a dog for that.”

“Well, there’s plenty of jobs out there.  You should go get one, and try working for a living for a change.” 

“I have a job, sir.  I work at a nursing home, Lexington House.  I worked eleven to seven last night and I’ll be there again tonight.”

“What about the other adults in your house?  Why don’t they have jobs?”

“Because one of ‘em has A.L.S., Lou Gehrig’s disease, and barely gets around any more and the other is nine months pregnant.  Not that it’s any of your business.”

The dog food man turned to me and rolled his eyes.

I said, “What kind’a dog you got?”

“Black lab.”

“Labs have a sweet disposition,” I said.

“Oh, yes.  Smart, too.”  He dropped the dog food onto the conveyer.

Ahead of us, the cashier gave the old woman a receipt and helped place bags of food in the two buggies. I heard the old woman say, “M’am, will you watch this basket while I take the other one to the car?”

The cashier said, “Sure.”

“Just get it out of my way,” said the dog food man, pushing the closest buggy forward with his foot.

The buggy hit the old woman in the thigh.  “I intend to, sir, just give me a moment.”

“This is ridiculous!” said the man.  “Can’t we get this line going?”

“I don’t want this drink anyway,” I said, setting the energy drink on the conveyer belt behind the dog food.  “Excuse me, sir.”  I squeezed past him and said, “Ma’m, I’ll take one of those baskets for you.”

The old woman said, “God bless you, sir. I hate to be such a nuisance, but…”

“No problem,” I said.  “We all need a little help now and then.”

As I placed her groceries into a van with a wheelchair rack on back, she tried to give me a dollar. “No, ma’m, that’s not necessary. Put it away.”

“Well, I don’t know how to thank you.”

“No thanks necessary.”

“What did you say your name was?”


“Well, Randy, I’m Jeanelle,” she said.  “I hope God will bless you for helping out an old woman.”

I smiled. “I’m sure He will,  ma'm.”

The man with the bag of Ol’ Roy came down our lane in the parking lot. I half-expected him to stop and inspect Miz Jeannelle’s grocery bags to make sure that her purchases were in line with what he thought a SNAP recipient should eat.  I smiled and gave a little half-wave to acknowledge him, the kind of thing Southerners do even if they’ve only met a person once, casually, in the check-out line at Walmart. But he looked right through me, scowling, and walked on by. 


Postcript:  I purposely avoided mentioning the race of Jeanelle, knowing readers would picture her according to their own imaginations, but she was white. So is a large plurality of SNAP recipients.  For the facts and fictions surrounding SNAP, I recommend this website:

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by Randy Reynolds

Like Wolfman Jack eating a popsicle while his voice was going out over the airwaves in American Graffitti, I pre-recorded my voice in advance of the Randy Reynolds Show each morning in the late ‘90s and early 2000’s on Oldies 104. Unlike the Wolfman, though, I didn’t sit there eating popsicles while my pre-recorded voice was entertaining the audience. I used the recording as a second entity on the show—the cartridge-tape and I talked back and forth to each other.

I came in early each day, usually around 2 a.m., to write and record I.B.’s bits in a wild voice with a Cajun accent. By showtime—6 a.m.—I’d have downed the first two of the ten pots of Community Coffee I would make each day.  (Most of it got cold in the cup as I got distracted by my show prep, so I threw out more than I drank, hence the ten POTS of coffee per day, 250 or more pots per month.  My boss, Mark Jones, may have paid for more coffee service than any business of equal size in the world; but, hey, it got him a TOTALLY-LOCAL crazy-funny most-talked-about highly-rated workaholic morning show that was easy to sell except for the occasional boycott or cancellation so he bore the expense gracefully. )

I.B. talked about real things--expose's that I got from tipsters and whistle blowers from all walks of life and from every level of government in Rapides Parish, especially my many close friends in the police departments of Alexandria, Pineville, and surrounding municipalities. Practically all my friends back then were cops. For reasons sometimes selfless, sometimes self-serving, they and my other sources flooded me with tips, many of which—the ones I could verify--ended up on the air.
I spent almost all my waking hours for several years verifying-- making sure that every word out of I.B.’s mouth was true, hence the 10 pots of coffee per day and the nights of writing till midnight and going to work two hours later to record our expose's as humorous skits.  

I started each report with a helicopter sound-effect, under the pretense that I.B. was my "traffic reporter" even though he never actually got around to doing any traffic reports. Then came I.B.'s trademark yell, "Aaaaiiiyyyiiieee! " and we went into our schtick and exposed another boondoggle… 5 days per week, 51 weeks per year, (52 weeks one year.)

A few examples: 
When the mayor says, "Alcohol has never touched my lips", I.B. says, "That's because he drinks it through a straw." And when the water pumps malfunction at a city water tower, I.B. jokes about it, says the tower is filled with Miller Lite and the mayor must be going there to drink because there's straws all over the ground. The mayor and city council then bestow legitimacy upon I.B. by passing (and publishing in the newspaper) an official resolution denying this cartoon character's "accusation" that the mayor has been drinking Miller Lite from the water tower with a straw!

Newspaper coverage of the city council's fight with I.B. causes our audience shares to grow. Advertising revenues for the station increase dramatically. And the phone starts ringing off the hook with people calling in news tips for I.B. Flyin'. Some are jokes, like the "bit" that started it all--a water-tower filled with Miller Lite. Other tips concern real issues that don't get reported by the timid local news media --or "news meteors" as I.B. calls them.

When four hard-partying off-duty Alexandria, Louisiana, cops on a beer-run drive their pickup onto a sidewalk and get out to beat up a small time drug user and then charge him with carjacking, assault, attempted murder of a police officer, and about 7 other things, I.B. has a field day! All the other "news meteors" buy the official story that an unarmed young man tried to carjack a vehicle with four cops in it. I.B.'s laughter (and commonsense) fuel so much public outrage that it's the police, not the accused carjacker, who get bound over for trial on assault charges. When the guilty verdict comes in, the whole courtroom explodes with applause, shouts and prayers. That young man would likely be in Angola State Penitentiary today if I.B. hadn't refused to bite on the official story.

In the I.B. voice, I announce 75 reasons why a 21 year old Leesville, Louisiana, murder suspect held for three years without a grand jury hearing could not have committed the gruesome crime he is accused of. The young man (Joey Hilton) is released from jail on Christmas Eve after a deal between I.B. and the District Attorney. The deal is simply for I.B. to "lay off" the D.A., (that is, stop making jokes about him,) and the D.A. will release Joey Hilton. (I.B. may have been the first cartoon character ever to make a deal with a real D.A. ) On Christmas Eve, 1998, after three years behind bars for a murder he didn't commit, Hilton is released. He and his mom come to the station and I interview them live on the morning show. It's the most emotional show I've ever been involved in...the kind of stuff 60 Minutes and 20/20 are famous for. What Joey and his mom really want is to meet I.B. Flyin' and thank him in person, but I tell them he's up in the chopper and will have to call them later.

When a state senator's daughter uses his office to run a pyramid scheme, when city government cuts and sells the timber on state-owned property, when a mayor's wife brokers a secret deal for the city to buy some church property at ten times the going rate, when the police chief's sons commit crimes, when the city council buys a fire engine that's too big to fit inside the fire station, when the city dams up a National Scenic Waterway to increase property values in a favored subdivision, when a city crew hooks up sewage pipes to a drinking-water main, when a mayor gets caught having sex in his office, and another mayor spies on his police department, and a cop's drug dog dies in a hot patrol car while the peace officer is having some afternoon delight, and two police horses get electrocuted because their riders take a coffee break and leave the horses tied to a metal light pole in a thunderstorm, when the school board and city spend millions on unnecessary "studies"...

I.B. blows the whistle on them. It sounds like comedy, but it's all true. As I.B. demonstrates every morning, News IS Comedy in Central Louisiana.

The types of things that I.B. fought with ridicule and laughter are happening in your town, too. But they aren't a part of anybody's official record. The kinds of things I.B. exposed usually go unrevealed and unpunished because, in most places, there is no investigative reporting, no public ombudsman to connect the dots. But, for a while, in Central Louisiana, there was.
There aren't many locally-owned stations or papers left, since Congress removed limits on how much media one company can own.  



by Randy Reynolds
This night’s revival meeting in Hartwell, Georgia, had been, like all H.R. Appling services, a spectacle to behold. After giving it everything he had, preaching, shouting, dancing, praying, singing, playing his accordian, healing the sick, forcing people to the altar, H.R. (my maternal grandfather), was exhausted and hungry now driving home to LavoniaGeorgia.

“I’m so hungry I could eat a horse," he said.

His son-in-law-Gene Reynolds, an aspiring minister who had worked half the day selling insurance before making the trip to Hartwell with H.R., said, “They got a place up here in Royston we can stop at, if I remember correctly. Used to be on my coffee route."

“A pound of bologna, some crackers, cheese, and buttermilk would hit the spot right now,” said H.R.

“Amen!” said Gene.

H.R. and Gene’s conversations were usually about one of two things:  religion or baseball.

“I see where the Sox beat the A’s last night,” said Gene.

H.R.’s favorite player in this year of 1950 was his second cousin, Luke Appling of the Chicago White Sox, a 20 year major-leaguer whose career was winding down.  “Did Luke play?”

“Got a hit and an r.b.i.,” said Gene.

“They got him playing first base again?”

“Nope. Pinch hit.”

“Getting twenty five thousand dollars this year and they hardly ever play him,” said H.R.

Gene whistled. “I don’t even know what I would do with twenty five thousand dollars.”

“If you go into the ministry, you ain’t never gonna have to worry about it. Ain’t no preacher never gonna make that kind of money,” said H.R. 

They passed a sign that said ‘WELCOME TO ROYSTON HOME OF BASEBALL'S IMMORTAL TY COBB.’  A second sign a little further on read, 'Whites Only Within City Limits After Dark.'

“Ty Cobb’s so rich he’s been giving away hospitals all over this part of Georgia,” said Gene. 

“Wish he was paying tithes at my church,” said H.R.

The red lights of two police cars and an ambulance lit up the gas pumps and parking area of the old store as they approached, so H.R. parked his new Buick off to the side, away from the pumps.

“Great day in the morning!  Must have been an accident!” said Gene.

H.R. shielded his eyes with one hand.  “Well, let’s see if the place is still open. I’ve got to have me some nourishment.”

The old man behind the counter saw these two guys come in with their shined shoes, Sunday suits, bow ties and hats and apparently thought they were detectives from the police department.  “I done told the other officers everything I know.  It was justified,” he said.

H.R.’s voice carried the ring of authority.  “Well, tell it again. From the start.”

The old man pointed to the gas pumps and said, “That Buick with the New Jersey license plate out there? Nigger was driving it.  Pulled in here for some gas.  After dark.”

H.R. and Gene looked toward the commotion at the pumps.  

“Another customer, old boy that comes in here all the time, he seen it was a nigger in Royston after dark and went out there and shot him. Pow! Right in the head.”

“Who’s those people they’re puttin’ in the police car?” asked H.R.

“Woman and three little kids that was in the car with him.”

“He was killed in front of his family?” asked H.R.

“Well, yeah! He was in the city limits after dark!  And look at that fancy car, would ya? Prob’ly stole it.”

More than sixty years later, Gene told me, “Little place over there, they didn’t have professional ball or anything. All they had was good revivals and trials. I just happened to go to a few of those trials to kill time on a slow afternoon, you know.”

He attended the short trial of the white man accused of killing the black man caught in Royston after sundown. The defendant said, “Some robberies had been happening in Royston. I thought he musta' been the one that done ‘em.”

He was found not guilty.

Gene sat through a trial involving a white-on-white killing—a wealthy farmer shot his son-in-law in the back with a shotgun and admitted it.

The verdict was not guilty.

A third trial he witnessed was about a black-on-black killing.  An unarmed man killed his attacker in a fight and plead self-defense.  

The verdict was guilty and he was sentenced to die in the electric chair.

Gene said, “In those little old country towns like that they had some strange things that happened some times. You know, a lot of prejudice involved there.” 

The people who lived in these small American towns often reflect on what an idyllic childhood they had. I've heard older whites say that their childhood spent in places called Covington, Gainesville, Bainbridge, Royston, Monroe, Alexandria, McComb, Hammond, New Iberia, and Bogalusa, was like growing up in Mayberry.  Which makes me think that Mayberry (as an avatar for the happy place we grew up in when America was "great") wasn't all it was cracked up to be.

While the white drunkard Otis was sleeping one off in an unlocked cell from which he was free to come and go as he pleased, I imagine a black guy caught drinking, gambling, loitering, or walking while black was handcuffed in the adjoining cell where Andy and Barney worked him over with a rubber hose.

Mayberry tolerated Ernest T. Bass when he threw rocks at houses, but I suspect the black guy that did the same was convicted of a felony and given 10-20 years at hard labor.

When a bully stole Opie's lunch money, he was taught to fight back; but a black kid who fought back was sent to juvie.

When Charlene Darling flirted with a white guy, the Darlings broke out the washboard, jug, and banjo and had a hoedown.  When she flirted with a black guy they had a lynching.

When a rich white guy pulled up to the filling station in a fancy car, Gomer called him "sir" and cleaned his windshield, checked under the hood, and aired up his tires.  When a rich black traveler pulled up in a similar car after dark, Goober shot him behind the left ear with a .22.

I know so many people who grew up in these towns that they fondly reminisce about and conflate with Mayberry, little realizing that Mayberry--like a significant portion of America's history--was a fairy tale.

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